Author: irishkidneydiet.ie

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Body Weight – Why watch it?

The theme of this year’s World kidney day (9th March 2017) is ‘kidney disease and obesity’. We are all well aware that obesity is a growing worldwide epidemic, but many people may not realise that it is also one of the strongest risk factors for the development of new onset Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD).

For those with CKD, achieving and maintaining a healthy body weight has many benefits including:

  • Improved shortness of breath
  • Relief for back and joint pain
  • Confidence about body shape/ image
  • Helping to prevent/ control high blood pressure & diabetes
  • If a kidney transplant is a posibility, a healthy body weight is important for a successful transplant

Take Control of your weight.

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REMEMBER this is only a guide. Your dietitian/ doctor can advise on what YOUR individual weight target should be. We are all very different with different dietary needs.
The renal dietary guidelines vary depending on your kidney function and the type of treatment you are receiving.

 

If you are trying to lose weight, or if you are trying to maintain an already healthy weight, here are a few tips to help you along the way.

Tips for getting started…

Tip 1: Have regular meals everyday starting with breakfast; avoid missing meals or eating late at night. If you are receiving dialysis, try to ensure you still eat regularly on the dialysis days.

Tip 2: Base your meal on starchy carbohydrate, choosing high fibre varieties e.g. wholemeal or wholegrain (speak to the dietitian if unsure of suitable choices). These will help you feel full up for longer; e.g. bread, potatoes, rice, pasta, cereals and noodles.

Tip 3: Eat fruit and vegetables within your dietary allowance, these are a healthy snack.

Tip 4: Avoid sugary drinks and sugar (added in drinks or on cereal). Use the low calorie varieties e.g. diet, low cal, sugar free. Artificial sweeteners can be used if required.

Tip 5: Choose low fat products where possible e.g. cheese, yoghurts (within allowances), low fat spread, low fat milk, salad dressings.

Tip 6: Fats and oils are very concentrated sources of calories, try not to fry food – grill, boil, or oven bake instead.

Tip 7: Control your portions/ fluid by using a small plate, cup, glass.

Tip 8: Set a realistic target, average recommended weight loss is ½ -1kg (1-2lbs) per week – weigh yourself only once each week at the same time, as your weight can fluctuate daily.

Tip 9: Avoid salt and salty foods to help protect the kidneys.

Tip 10: Sit down to eat at a table, eat slowly, chew well and enjoy your food. Eating in front of the television is a distraction and will leave you feeling less satisfied.

Tip 11: It is your daily routine that is important, special occasions can still be enjoyed. There may be times when you eat too much or make the wrong food choices, don’t let this stop you achieving your goal.

Tip 12: Never go shopping on an empty stomach, shop from a list.

Finally: Think long term, not quick fix. If you are following dietary advice for your kidney health be aware of this when trying to make suitable choices for weight loss or to when trying maintain a healthy weight.

With thanks to Briege O’ Kane, Senior Dietitian Renal, Letterkenny University Hospital, Letterkenny, Co. Donegal. On behalf of the Renal Interest Group of the Irish Nutrition and Dietetics Institute.

Christmas Kidney Diet

nevin-mcguire-3The holidays are right around the corner and whether you’ve already started planning, shopping and wrapping or you leave it all to the end, we wanted to give you some strategies to manage your kidney diet over the holidays. When it comes to getting through the holidays without any medical problems, the key is to plan ahead!

  1. Start by making lists of all of your favourite holiday foods and circle all the ones you know are kidney-friendly. Highlighting all the things that you CAN have is a great way to get started.
  2. If you’re hosting a family meal, plan ahead to ensure that you have a selection of kidney-friendly foods available to you. It’s easier to stick to your diet when you have kidney-friendly, delicious foods at hand!
  3. When you’re the guest at a holiday function it can be a bit trickier to follow your kidney diet. If you can, bring along a dish or two that you know you’ll enjoy and choose only small portions of the items you’re not too sure about.
  4. Ask your Kidney (Renal) Dietitian to help you to plan your meals over the Christmas period.

It is important to remember that many traditional favourite foods contain too much
potassium, salt or phosphate for those following a renal diet. This article will show you which foods to enjoy over the Christmas period and which foods to continue to take caution with or avoid altogether.

1. MEAT/ POULTRY/FISH

Turkey can be taken instead of your usual meat, fish or chicken at dinner time. It can be served with a small amount of cranberry sauce.
Ham is salty and can make you feel thirsty. If you include it as a treat for Christmas, reduce the salt content by soaking overnight, changing or cleaning the pot and the water and boiling well, and changing the water a number of times. Remember your fluid allowance, if it makes you feel thirsty.
Goose, pheasant, spiced beef and smoked salmon are all higher in potassium,
phosphate and salt. If you really want some take a small slice to taste only.

2. POTATOES

Keep to 2 medium sized low potassium potatoes per day in total.
Make sure to boil them first as per the low potassium method if making roast potatoes or croquettes.

3. VEGETABLES

Suitable vegetables include brussel sprouts (1 portion = 5 boiled brussel sprouts), cabbage, turnips, carrots, or parsnips. Avoid peas, beans, sweet corn, mushrooms and spinach.

4. FRUIT

Fruit can be eaten whole or if you wish, you may swap 2 fruit portions for a Christmas treat – see below. Other desserts containing fruit eg. apple tart, crumble, trifle, fruit flan can be swapped for ½ – 1 fruit portion.

CHRISTMAS TREATS

 

Christmas cake: Christmas cake and pudding are very high in potassium. If you want some, take a small portion instead of 2 portions of fruit. Avoid taking both cake and pudding in the one day.

Mince pies: 1 mince pie is the same as 1 portion of fruit. If you make them yourself, don’t put a large amount of mincemeat in the pastry cases. You could also put some apple in to fill up the cases.

Cakes/desserts: Sponges, cheesecake (using cream cheese + cream + jelly), cream buns, doughnuts, plain pastries, madeira, lemon meringue pie, pavlova and bakewell tart can be eaten as alternatives to Christmas cake and pudding. If you have Diabetes or are trying to lose weight , please consult your diet sheet or Kidney Dietitian for suitable suggestions.

Stuffing: The usual stuffing made from bread crumbs, margarine, fried onions and herbs is suitable. Avoid recipes that contain apricots, dried fruit, nuts or potato as this would increase the amount of potassium in the stuffing.

Alcohol: Remember your fluid allowance. Spirits such as whiskey, brandy, gin and vodka are suitable in moderation. Use mixers such as lemonade and water not fruit juices. If you have diabetes use diet or no added sugar mixers. All other alcohol contains some potassium.

Chocolate: Be careful with chocolate over the holidays as it is high in both phosphate and potassium.

Sweets: Mint sweets, boiled fruit sweets, marshmallows, starburst and jelly tots are all suitable alternatives to chocolate. Avoid if you have Diabetes.

Biscuits: Most are fine, but watch those with chocolate and dried fruit (one or two at the most).

Savoury snacks: Most are high in salt and potassium. Unsalted popcorn and breadsticks are suitable.

Remember:

  • Don’t add salt to your foods.
  • Keep within your fluid allowance.
  • Take your phosphate binders as normal.

Happy Christmas and best wishes for 2017 from all the team at www.irishkidneydiet.ie!!

Treatment of hypoglycaemia (low blood sugar level)

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IMPORTANT NOTICE:

The nutritional content of Lucozade Energy is changing…

The carbohydrate content of Lucozade Energy is being reduced by approximately 50%.  Therefore if you use lucozade to manage your low blood sugar levels, you will need to take increase the amount of Lucozade you take.

From April 2017, the new Lucozade bottles and cans will be available.  For a period of time, both old and new versions may be on the shelves together.  It is therefore important that you remember to check the label for the amount of carbohydrate it contains.

To correct a hypo (low blood sugar level) you need to take 15g of rapidly absorbed carbohydrate.  The new Lucozade product contains 8.9g carbohydrate per 100mls.  Therefore you will now need to take 170mls to get 15g of carbohydrate to correct your hypo.

It is important to check labels regularly to ensure you are getting the right amount of carbohydrate as other brands of fizzy drinks may also change their sugar content

Barbara Gillman, Clinical Specialist Renal Dietitian, Mater Misercordiae University Hospital

Prepare Your Stock Cupboard For Winter

 

From Storm Abigail to Katie, the tumultuous winter weather and the chaos it causes can make access to Kidney friendly meal options more difficult. In 2016, Storm Barney left twenty five thousand people without power, roads were blocked and there was a status yellow Met Eireann wind warning advising us all to stay indoors.

This reminded me of the importance of having a well stocked food cupboard for winter with suitable no cook staples for those occasions when you have no electricity and sufficient non perishables and perishable if you are confined to your house due to the weather.

With many stock cupboard items such as packet soup and tinned beans off the menu for those who need to watch salt, potassium and phosphate intake, some careful planning is required to stock your cupboard whilst sticking to your kidney (renal) diet.  Some more suitable stock cupboard items are detailed in the table below. Utilising the Scout motto of Bi Ullamh (Be Prepared), winter storms will not hinder your ability to stick to your kidney diet.

In the Press

In the Fridge & Freezer

  • Flavourings such as pepper, herbs and spices
  • Rice / Pasta / Noodles / Cous Cous
  • Cereal (e.g. porridge, Weetabix, cornflakes)
  • Bread / Crackers / Bread Rolls / Pitta Bread / Bread Sticks
  • Tinned fruit (e.g. pears, mandarin oranges)
  • Vegetables tinned in water (e.g. tinned carrots in water, whole green beans in water)
  • Tinned fish in water or oil (e.g. salmon or tuna tinned in oil)
  • Low salt stock cubes
  • Jam / Honey
  • Vinegar
  • Potatoes
  • Biscuits
  • Lemon Juice
  • Keep a spare loaf of bread in the freezer
  • Egg Mayonnaise
  • Cream Cheese
  • Mayonnaise / Spread
  • Milk (keep an extra frozen carton of milk in the freezer)
  • Fresh or frozen meat, chicken or fish
  • Keep fresh vegetables in your fridge to increase their shelf life.

Some light meal ideas

 

1)      Scrambled Egg and Toast

2)      Tuna and mayonnaise sandwich

3)      Creamy salmon and pasta (a small amount of melted cream cheese makes the sauce)

4)      Porridge with tinned mandarins

5)      Poached egg with Cajun pepper on toast

6)      Crackers served with cream cheese and cucumber

 

Theresa Rennick, Senior Dietitian in Nephrology, (Midland Regional Hospital at Tullamore)

What Bread Can I Eat on a Renal Diet?

Bread type allowed on a renal diet can be a source of confusion for people with kidney disease.  When we eat food our body uses what it needs and turns the rest into waste products.  Bread is one of our staple foods and provides us with energy.

However, bread also contains some salt and phosphate.  When your kidneys are not working properly, waste products like phosphate can build up in the blood.   The kidneys can also find it more difficult to manage your blood pressure.  The tables show the effects of too much salt and phosphate in our blood.

 

 

Salt (Sodium)

Most patients with kidney disease require a salt restriction.  Salt is the main preservative used to keep our bread fresh.  Breads can contain different amounts of salt per slice.  Check food labels and try to pick one with lowest salt content.

If you are trying to gain weight or reduce your weight, please discuss with your dietitian how many slices of bread you should eat in the day.

Phosphate

As kidney function declines, so does the kidney’s ability to filter phosphate. Excess phosphate in the blood can cause problems with your heart and bones.  White bread is lower in phosphate than brown bread.  Often wholemeal bread is acceptable for people on a renal diet. Shop bought soda bread may not be suitable if it contains high phosphate containing ingredients such as baking powder, wheatgerm, or phosphate additives.

 

Phosphate Food Additives

Manufacturers may add phosphorus when processing foods to thicken, improve taste or prevent discoloration.  Added phosphate is very easily absorbed by the body. Dozens of additives contain phosphorus. Look for any ingredient that contains “phos” in the term. Here are some examples:

  • Calcium phosphate
  • Disodium phosphate
  • Phosphoric acid
  • Tricalcium phosphate
  • Monopotassium phosphate
  • Pyrophosphate polyphosphates

It is recommended that foods containing these additives are not eaten.

 

So what type of bread can I eat if I am on a low sodium and low phosphate diet?

 

Suitable bread types

White or brown pan loaf, baguettes, pitta bread, ciabatta, chapattis, white or granary bread rolls are all suitable. Your dietitian will decide if you can eat wholemeal bread based on your blood levels.  Your dietitian will also guide you on how many slices you should eat per day.

Homemade soda bread can be eaten once you discuss your phosphate and parathyroid hormone levels with your dietitian.  Your recipe will also need to be reviewed by the dietitian so that milk used in making the soda bread can be incorporated into your daily dairy product allowance. Shop bought soda bread may also be suitable to eat if it contains no high phosphate containing ingredients such as baking powder, phosphate additives, bran or wheatgerm.  Check the label for these ingredients or ask your baker.  Ask you dietitian how much milk a slice of soda bread typically contains and count within your daily dairy product allowance.

 

 

Article Prepared by Barbara Gillman

Clinical Specialist Renal Dietitian, Mater Misericordiae University Hospital

On behalf of the Renal Interest Group, of the Irish Nutrition and Dietetic Institute

 

Lunch box treats

Why not brighten up these Autumn days with a lunch box treat?

We can all find it difficult to come up with new sandwich fillers and this can be more of a challenge when you trying to stick to your kidney friendly diet. Here are a couple of suggestions which will use up Sunday lunch leftovers and hopefully brighten up Mondays lunch box for the whole family.

 

Each recipe will tell you how many protein exchanges, as well as how many portions of fruit, vegetable, it provides per serving.  All coding is based on one serving and not the full recipe. Check your diet sheet to see what your allowances are.

 

All the recipes are kidney friendly and do not include ingredients that are high in potassium, phosphate or salt. If they are low in fat they have been marked low fat. The coding system, which is based on the Irish Nutrition & Dietetic Institute (INDI) renal diet sheet, was developed for the Truly Tasty Cook book by Valerie Twomey.

 

Beef & Radish Salad Sandwich

Serves: 4

Ingredients:

2oz sour cream

4 medium red radishes, trimmed and thinly sliced

¼ teaspoon of white wine vinegar

½ teaspoon of pepper

3 dashes of Tabasco sauce

8 slices of white bread

Mixed salad leaves

8 oz of leftover roast beef

Directions:

  1. In a small bowl, mix the sour cream, radishes, vinegar, pepper and Tabasco sauce.
  1. On 4 slices of bread, layer a small handful of mixed salad greens, 2 oz of roast beef and the radish salad. Top each with another slice of bread and serve.

Per portion this dish provides: 319 kcal, 1 portion of vegetables and 2 protein exchanges.

 

Chicken and marinated courgette sandwichsandwich2

Serves: 5

Ingredients:

150 g courgette

¼ red onion, thinly sliced

1 tablespoon thinly sliced lemon zest

2 tablespoon fresh lemon juice

2 tablespoon olive oil

Pepper

15 oz of roast chicken or chicken breasts

Handful of fresh parsley

5 crusty white rolls

Romaine lettuce

 

Directions:

  1. Slice the courgette into ribbons with a vegetable peeler. Combine with the red onion, lemon zest, lemon juice, olive oil and a pinch of pepper. Let stand for 30 minutes.
  1. Meanwhile roast the chicken breast or use leftover roast chicken. Let cool, then shred and add to the marinated courgette along with a handful of fresh parsley. Split the bread rolls, put a leaf of lettuce in each and then divide the chicken mixture, including the juice, between the 5 sandwiches. Enjoy!

Per portion this dish provides: 315 kcal, 1 portion of vegetables and 3 protein exchanges.

 

Blackberry and apple flapjacksflap

Serves: 12

Ingredients:

120g butter

80g demerera sugar

2 tbsp golden syrup

125g rolled oats

125g jumbo oats

250g bramley apple, peeled and grated

250g blackberries, washed

 

Instructions:

  1. Preheat the oven to 180c/gas mark 5.
  2. Melt the butter, sugar and golden syrup in a saucepan over a medium heat.
  3. When melted, remove from the heat, add the oats and grated apple and mix well.
  4. Grease a 20cm square cake tin and line with baking parchment (this makes it easier to get the flapjack out when it’s cooked).
  5. Press half the flapjack mix into the base of the tin, tumble the blackberries over the top and top with the rest of the flapjack so the blackberries are sandwiched in the middle. Press down slightly to stick all the layers together.
  6. Bake in the centre of the oven for 25-30 minutes until nicely browned. This flapjack may take longer to cook than normal flapjack due to the moistness of the added fruit, it will also remain moist when cool.

Per portion this dish provides: 204 kcal, ½ portion of fruit.

 

Oonagh Deeney. Senior Renal Dietitian, Beaumont Hospital

Spring time treats!

Why not celebrate the arrival of Spring with this tasty seasonal recipe for all the family.

Roast Lamb with Garlic & Country Herbs

Serves 12

Ingredients:

spring2

  • 1 leg of lamb (2.5kg) trimmed
  • 1 onion (240g) roughly chopped
  • 125ml (¼ pt) water

Topping

  • 2 large cloves of garlic (6g) peeled
  • 2 dessertspoon root ginger (5g) chopped
  • Grated rind of a small lemon
  • 2 tablespoon fresh parsley (8g) chopped
  • 2 tablespoon fresh mint (30g) chopped
  • 1 tablespoon fresh rosemary (2g) chopped
  • 1-2 tablespoon olive oil

To Cook

Preset oven Gas Mark 4, 180°C (350°F).

Put the garlic, ginger, lemon rind, parsley, mint and rosemary in a food processor. Switch on for a minute or two until everything is finely chopped. Switch on again and add the oil slowly until you have a bright green mixture. Set the mixture aside.

Place the joint in a roasting pan with the onion and water, cook, allowing 20-25 minutes per ½ kg (1 lb). Thirty minutes before the end of cooking time remove from the oven, spread the herby mixture over the joint. Return to the oven and finish cooking. Keep an eye on the water level. Top it up if necessary.

When the lamb is cooked remove from the pan and keep warm. Discard the onion and remove excess fat. Add a dash of wine to the pan juices. Boil up and reduce to a nice syrup. This will take 2-3 minutes. Season and serve with the sliced lamb.

One Portion (200g meat) = 8 protein exchanges

 Check your diet sheet to see what your daily allowances is.


If you are in need of a sugar boost to keep up with all your chocolate eating friends you can try this very simple tray bake.

15’s

Serves: 20 

spring1Ingredients

  • 15 large marshmallows
  • 15 digestive biscuits, crushed
  • 15 glacé cherries, halved
  • 150ml condensed sweetened milk
  • 75g desiccated coconut

Method

  1. Cut the marshmallows in halves using scissors, and place in a large bowl. Toss with the digestive biscuits and candied cherries. Gradually stir in the sweetened condensed milk until the mixture becomes a soft, moist dough. It should not be too dry, so you may need to add a bit more milk.
  2. Spread a generous layer of coconut out on a clean surface, and place the dough on top of it. Use your hands to form the dough into a long thick sausage, making sure it is well coated with coconut. Wrap in a double layer of cling film, and refrigerate for 2 to 3 hours.
  3. Unwrap the long piece of dough, and cut into slices to serve.

This is a high fat and high sugar treat, so it may not be for you if you are watching your weight or diabetic.

 

Despite the springtime showers many people on dialysis have to limit the amount of fluid they drink each day. Complete the following crossword puzzle and find a few simple tricks to help quench your thirst while sticking to your fluid allowance.

crossworsd

 

 

 

Across                                                                 Down

5 Keep boiled EWSTES in the fridge.                    1 Rinse your mouth with chilled WOTAMHSUH.

6 Try to take ONDEATMICI with                           2 Keep track of how much you HIGWE between

with mealtime liquids.                                           dialysis sessions.

9 SHUBR your teeth often.                                    3 EFZERE small pieces of fruit from your daily

10 Fill a container with the                                    fruit allowance such as grapes.

recommended amount of TRAWE                       4 If you are diabetic keep your GLUDBSOOAR

each morning & use this for the day.                     under control to reduce thirst.

12 When taking other fluid pour                           5 Use OSRU sweets to moisten your mouth.

out an UQALE amount of water                            7 GIWHCEN gum can help to reduce thirst

from the pre-measured container.                       8 Keep a fluid YRIDA.

13 Avoid ATLSY foods.                                           11 ESNIR out your mouth with cold water.

14 When on holidays stay cool by                       14 Use ALMSL cups and glasses.

staying in the EDAHS.

15 Use a OMELN slice to freshen your mouth.

 

Oonagh Smith. Renal Dietitian Beaumont Hospital

What’s sizzling this summer?

As the inclement summer season rolls on, the optimistic among us have our picnic baskets and barbecue tongs on standby. You can enjoy a fun filled summer picnic or barbecue by making wise food decisions. So when the sun does start to shine, be renal diet ready with our top tips and tasty recipes.

  • For the barbecue, choose burgers, chicken, fish, steaks or pork chops. Fresh meats are low in salt compared to processed meats like hot dogs and sausages. At the picnic, choose fresh, unprocessed meats, poultry or fish for your sandwich fillings rather than ham, bacon, and smoked salmon which are high salt choices.
  • Limit high potassium foods. Summer barbecues and picnics often contain large amounts of salads which are high in potassium e.g. tomato or potato salad.
  • Monitor your fluid intake. Use a small glass. Remember to enjoy alcohol in moderation.
  • Offer to make a side or main dish for the barbecue or picnic if you are not hosting it. You will be sure that there will be something tasty that you can eat.

Each recipe will tell you how many protein and vegetable exchanges a serving will provide. None of the recipes contain high quantities of dairy or potatoes and as such will not affect your daily allowance.

Check your diet sheet to see what your allowances are.

All the recipes are kidney friendly and do not include ingredients that are high in potassium, phosphate or salt. If they are low in fat they have been marked low fat. The allowances (exchanges) are in keeping with the Irish Nutrition & Dietetic Institute (INDI) renal diet sheet.


Egg mayonnaise and cress sandwiches

 

Serves 4

Ingredients:

4 medium, hard-boiled, peeled, chopped

3 tbsp mayonnaise

1 tsp ground black pepper

8 slices white bread, lightly buttered

¼ bunch cress

 

Method:

  1. For the egg mayonnaise and cress sandwiches, mix the eggs and mayonnaise together in a bowl. Season, to taste with freshly ground black pepper.
  2. Spread the egg mayonnaise onto four slices of the bread. Sprinkle over the cress and close the sandwiches with the remaining slices of bread.
  3. Remove the crusts and cut each sandwich into four small triangles.

 

Per portion: 1 sandwich (or 4 small triangles).

This dish provides 1 protein exchange.


Lemony Chicken Pittas

 

Serves 4

Ingredients:

12 butterhead lettuce leaves (60g)

8 slices cucumber (48g)

1 tbsp fresh mint

4 tbsp fresh lemon juice (80ml)

400g roast chicken breast

4 small white pitta breads

 

Method:

  1. Shred the lettuce and mix with some chopped cucumber, a pinch chopped fresh mint and the lemon juice.
  2. Chop the roast chicken into pieces and stir into the salad.
  3. Slit open the pitta breads and warm briefly in a toaster.
  4. Stuff pitta breads with the salad and chicken mix.

 

Per portion: 1 small round filled pitta. This dish provides 1/2 portion of vegetables and 3½ protein exchanges.  This is a low fat dish.

 


Barbeque lamb kebabs

 

Serves 4 (8 skewers)

Ingredients:

400 g leg of lamb, cut into 1 inch cubes

1 red, 1 green pepper, stem and seeds removed and cut into 2.5 cm cubes

2 red onions peeled, quartered and divided again (16 pieces in total)

For the marinade

2 tbsp olive oil

Juice of half a lemon

1 garlic clove, crushed

You will also need 8 skewers. If you are using wooden skewers, soak them in water for 30 minutes prior to use. This helps to stop them from burning. If you are using metal skewers, take care as they will get very hot!

Method

Mix the ingredients for the marinade together in a bowl. Add the lamb, cover and leave to marinade in the fridge for at least 30 minutes.

Thread alternate pieces of lamb, pepper and onion onto your skewers to make approximately 8 kebabs

Cook on a hot bbq for 10-15 minutes, depending on how you like your lamb, turning regularly.

Serve with pitta bread.

If preferred or if the weather isn’t befitting a bbq, you can cook the kebabs on a grill or griddle pan.

Per portion: 2 kebabs provides 3 protein exchanges and 1 vegetable exchange


Beefburgers

 

Serves 4

Ingredients

  • 450 g minced beef
  • 1 onion, chopped
  • 2 tsp mixed herbs
  • 1 egg , beaten
  • Freshly ground black pepper

To serve (to make 4 portions)

  • 1 small red onion, sliced
  • 1 tomato sliced
  • 4 leaves ice berg lettuce

Method

Mix the ingredients for the burger together in a bowl.

Divide the mixture into 4 large or 8 small patties

Cook the burgers for approximately 15 minutes or until well cooked through

Serve with side salad as above and a burger bun or ciabatta roll as desired

Per portion: 1 beef burger with side salad provides 31/2 protein exchanges and 1 vegetable exchanges


Rice and pineapple salad

 

Serves 4

Ingredients

  • 120 g long grain rice
  • 1 yellow pepper, deseeded and finely chopped
  • 3 spring onions, trimmed and finely chopped
  • 3 rings of tinned pineapple
  • 5 tablespoons French dressing

 

Method

Boil the rice until cooked, drain and allow to cool.

Once cooled, tip the rice into a bowl.

Add the pepper, pineapple, and pepper

Stir in the dressing and serve

Per portion: salad provides 1 vegetable exchanges

 

Joanne Walsh, Senior Clinical Nutritionist, St. James’s Hospital, Dublin.

Gillian Quinlan, Senior Dietitian, Mid Western Regional Hospital, Limerick

Enjoying the Summer Holidays on a renal diet

As the holidays draw ever nearer, food is constantly on my mind!  What to cook, when to cook, how much to cook and of course trying to make everyone happy.   And I don’t even have to worry about a renal diet! So to make life seem more manageable I try to make lists and do some of the food preparation in advance.  While it’s never quite as smooth as I would like, I am always very happy when I am able to pull a quick meal out of the freezer or have all of my ingredients at hand!

 

The holidays can be challenging on a renal diet, especially when you’re eating at someone else’s home, in a hotel or B&B, and you aren’t certain what’s in the food you’re being served. Here are a few strategies you can use to make the holidays go a bit more smoothly.

 

  • make a list (check it twice) of the meals you’ll be cooking and the ingredients you will need; this can save time and money
  • offer to bring something and plan on a dish that is kidney-friendly that you know you enjoy
  • ask about the menu in advance; if there’s something you aren’t sure about you can ask your dietitian before you go
  • make it a “recipe potluck”; suggest everyone brings enough copies of the recipes for the items they bring to share. Everyone gets to take home new recipes (a great memento of a holiday get-together) and you get to scan all the recipes to make sure you know what you’re eating!
  • watch your portions; keep servings small and avoid going back for seconds – eat slowly and join in the conversation!
  • don’t be too polite; don’t feel you need to clean your plate or try some of everything, especially if the food doesn’t fit well into your kidney diet
  • avoid the “extras”; condiments and sauces such as, gravies, pickles, olives, cheese, nuts etc – all of these “extras” can be sources of salt, phosphorus, or potassium. See more suitable homemade recipes on the next page.
  • avoid skipping meals; if you’re starving you will be much more likely to overeat!

 

Tips on dining out easier on a renal diet:

“If ordering in an Asian restaurant, ask for sauces on the side as dishes can be very high in salt”

 

When you know you will be eating out for dinner, plan your breakfast and lunch at home accordingly. Cut back on serving sizes and foods high in sodium and potassium during the day. Call ahead or check their website to learn more about the menu and how the food is prepared. Choose a restaurant where it will be easiest to select foods best suited for your diet.
Restaurants where food is freshly prepared and made to order are the best choice. Eating at fast-food restaurants is not totally out of the question.
It does, however, take some thought and planning. Fast food restaurants tend to have pre-prepared components for their meals, and often these are pre-salted too. This can make it challenging modify the meals according to your needs. Though, they usually have nutritional analysis of their meals which can be useful when making the best choice from their range of meals.

 

We love a bit of sunshine here in Ireland, but unfortunately it does not come around very often! But when it does, there is nothing quite like sharing a BBQ with friends and family. Some BBQs meals have high salt or high phosphate content, not to mention risks of food borne bacteria. But this does not mean you should miss out on delicious tasty meals! Here is an appetising BBQ meal you could enjoy!

 

While you are waiting for the BBQ to get started …

 

Starter: Pesto Pasta salad (Serves 4)

 

Ingredients

  • 600g Pasta twists
  • 80g red pepper, chopped
  • 40g fresh basil
  • 3 tbsp olive oil
  • 1tbsp white wine vinegar
  • 10g crème fraiche

Method

  1. Add the pasta to boiled water and cook until tender. Drain the pasta into a bowl and allow to cool – keep the cooking water in a jug
  2. Add the basil, olive oil, white wine vinegar and crème fraiche into food processor and blitz until it is a smooth consistency. (If it looks too thick, add some cooking water from the pasta – this will help coat all the cooked pasta).
  3. To finish, add the chopped red pepper to the pasta and mix the pesto through until all the pasta is coated. Serve chilled.
Per portion this starter dish provides a  ½ vegetable portion. Check your daily allowance to see if you have enough remaining for this dish

 

The Main course : Pork Kebabs (Serves 4)

 

Ingredients

 

For Kebabs

  • 1 medium (75g) red onion, peeled
  • 1 medium (80g) green pepper, removed core & seeds
  • 325g pork fillet, cut into 1inch cubes
  • 1 tbsp of red wine, to brush on during cooking

For marinade

  • 1 tbsp olive oil
  • ½ level tsp ground cumin
  • 1 tbsp honey
  • 1 clove of garlic
  • 1 tbsp of fresh rosemary, chopped

Method

  1. Place 8 wooden skewers in water to soak (this will prevent them burning). Mix all of the marinade ingredients together in a bowl, and then stir in the pork. Cover and leave this to marinade for 2-3hours in the fridge.
  2. Preheat barbecue for high heat.
  3. For the kebabs, cut the onion into 16 equal size pieces. Also cut the green pepper into 16 equal sized pieces.
  4. To construct the Pork Kebabs, remove the skewers from the water and the meat from the fridge to start treading the pieces onto the skewers. Start with a piece of the meat first, then red onion, then green pepper, and repeat this again, and end the skewer with another piece of pork (the pieces of meat at both ends keep the pieces secure)
  5. Lightly oil the barbecue cooking grate. Arrange skewers on the prepared barbecue. Cook for 15 to 20 minutes, brushing occasionally with red wine, until meat completely cooked through and juices run clear.
Per portion this dish provides 3 protein (meat) exchanges and a ½  portion of your vegetable allowance. Check your daily allowance to see if you have enough remaining for this dish

Summer salad (Serves 4)

 

Ingredients

  • 1½ desert bowls (125g) Cos lettuce, roughly chopped
  • 25g red onion, finely chopped
  • 50g raw runner beans
  • 1 level tbsp fresh coriander, finely chopped
  • 1 level tbsp fresh parsley, finely chopped
  • 1 tbsp olive oil
  • 2 tbsp fresh lemon juice

Method

  1. Mix all the ingredients in a large bowl and gently mix to coat the salad
Per portion this dish provides 1  portion of  vegetable from your daily  allowance. Check your daily allowance to see if you have enough remaining for this dish
Check your daily allowance to see if you have enough remaining for this dish

Couscous (Serves 4)

 

Ingredients

  • 250g couscous
  • 50g green beans, blanched for 2 minutes
  • 50g red pepper, chopped finely
  • 1 level tsp ground cumin
  • 1 level tsp ground coriander
  • 1 level tsp black pepper
  • 1 tsp honey
  • 2 tsp of lemon juice
  • 250ml boiled water

Method

  1. Mix the cumin, coriander, black pepper, lemon juice and honey into the boiling water and pour onto the couscous. Leave to soak for 5minutes.
  2. Fluff up the couscous with a fork and mix in the remaining ingredients.
Per portion this dish provides a ½  vegetable  portion  from your daily  allowance. Check  to see if you have enough remaining for this dish

Written By Lorraine Moran, Abbott Nutrition on behalf of the Renal Interest Group of the Irish Nutrition & Dietetic Institute

“Superfoods” and the Renal Diet

Over the last two decades there have been a lot of changes to the Irish diet, and many new foods have become popular. There has been a lot of advertising in recent years about the reported health benefits of these new foods, and also of so called ‘super foods’.  As Renal dietitians we are frequently asked whether these foods are suitable for people on Renal Diets, and if there is actually any benefit to be got from them.

Below I have compiled a list of some of these new foods, what their benefit is, and whether they are suitable for those on a renal diet or not.
Reported Health Benefit:

Blueberries are reported to help prevent the development of cancer, cardiovascular disease and age-related illnesses through their anti-oxidant properties.

Is this True?

At present there is no evidence that blueberries are any more beneficial than any other berries or fruit in terms of cancer and cardiovascular disease prevention. Most of the studies reporting their health benefits have only been done in a laboratory setting and not done in humans.

They are still beneficial for other reasons as they provide important vitamins, minerals and fibre to the diet, however they are no different to any other fruit in this respect.

Are they Allowed on a Renal Diet:

Yes, but in moderation. Like all fruit blueberries are high in potassium so keep it to 100g (100 berries) or less a day as a portion, and make sure to include it as part of your overall daily fruit allowance. Blueberries contain sugar so if you have diabetes make sure to discuss it with your dietitian before taking them.


Chia Seeds

 

Chia Seeds are tiny edible seeds that come from a desert plant in Mexico. They are unprocessed wholegrain seeds that can be eaten whole and absorbed directly into the body, unlike some other seeds that must be ground first in order to be absorbed by the body.

Reported Health Benefit:

They are reported to help aid weight loss through controlling hunger.

Is this True?

In theory these seeds are meant to expand in your stomach, which in turn helps you feel full for longer and thus aid in weight loss. However actual evidence on chia seeds is limited and a review of the available studies found no evidence of any effect on weight loss.

Are they allowed on the Renal Diet?

These seeds are quite high in protein and phosphate, with a two tablespoon dose giving an average of 25-30% of your daily phosphate allowance. For this reason these seeds are not recommended for people on Renal diets.


Quinoa

 

Quinoa has been grown in South America for thousands of years, and formed a staple part of the diet of the people native to that area. Although quinoa acts as a starchy food in dishes, it is actually a seed.  It is therefore wheat free which is one of the reasons that it has gained popularity in recent years, as there are an increasing number of people following wheat free diets.

Reported Health Benefit:

It is wheat free and very high in protein, having double the protein content of rice or barley. It is also considered to be a ‘whole protein’, meaning that it contains all of the body’s essential amino acids; and is high in several minerals and B vitamins.

Is this true?

Yes quinoa is wheat free and a high protein source and is rich in Calcium, Magnesium, Phosphorous and Potassium.

Is it allowed on a Renal Diet?

Due to quinoa’s high potassium and phosphate content it should not routinely be taken by someone following a renal diet.


Wheatgrass

 

Wheatgrass is a type of grass and is a concentrated source of  vitamin A, vitamin C, and vitamin E, iron, calcium, magnesium, and amino acids.

Reported Health Benefits:

Wheatgrass has numerous reported health benefits including lowering cholesterol, lowering blood pressure, helping to treat infections of the respiratory and urinary system and it is also used as an alternative health treatment in certain types of cancers.

Are these reported benefits true?

There is very little evidence that wheatgrass actually works to prevent disease or to detoxify the body in the way it is claimed. Of the studies published most of the numbers were too small to prove an actual beneficial effect from wheatgrass.

Is it allowed on a Renal diet?

Wheatgrass is usually taken as a juice and as such is very high in potassium; therefore it is not a suitable drink for people with kidney disease.


Cranberry Juice

 

Reported Health Benefits:

Cranberry juice is mostly commonly used in the prevention and treatment of Urinary Tract Infections (kidney/bladder infections).

Is this true?

Cranberry has been shown to be beneficial in the prevention of urinary tract infections as some of the chemicals in it prevent bacteria from sticking to the lining of the urinary tract. However it has not been proven to be beneficial in the treatment of urinary tract infections as these chemicals do not have the ability to release these bacteria once they have already stuck to the lining of the urinary tract.

Is Cranberry Juice allowed on a Renal Diet?

Yes, but in moderation.  Like all fruits cranberries are high in potassium, therefore you should not have more than 200mls of cranberry juice per day.  It must also be included as part of your daily fruit and vegetable allowance.


Depositphotos_69729735_original

Acai Berries

 

Acai berries are a small reddish-purple fruits that comes from the acai palm tree, which is native to Central and South America.  As these are a highly perishable fruit they can only be got in freeze dried form in Ireland.

Reported Health Benefit:

As they contain high levels of anti-oxidants, they are reported to have anti-aging effects and to aid in weight loss.

Is this True?

Like any fruit acai berries are full of vitamins, mineral and anti-oxidants, however so far studies have failed to show any conclusive health benefit in these berries over other similar fruits.

Are they allowed on a Renal Diet?

As it is only the freeze dried form that is available in Ireland, they are not suitable for those on a renal diet due to being very high in potassium. In fact the potassium content of 100g of these dried berries is equivalent to or higher than that of a banana.

The foods listed above are only a short list of some of the foods introduced to Ireland in recent years. If you have a new food that you would like to try and are following a Renal Diet always ask your dietitian if it is suitable first.

Mary Byrne, Renal Dietitian, Mater Misericordiae University Hospital.

 

Milk Substitute

A milk substitute called SNOPRO© is available on prescription. Your Kidney (Renal) Dietitian will help determine if you require this as part of your Kidney (Renal) Diet.

Lemon Sole Meal Plan

This meal plan will suit those with advanced kidney disease. It provides 1980kcal and 63grams of protein. Please compare the full analysis and or Kidney Diet Allowances with your individual allowances. Your Kidney (Renal) Dietitian will help you to do this.

This 1 day meal plan provides 4 protein exchanges (allowances), 1 dairy exchange, 2 fruit portions, 2 vegetable portions and 2 potato portions. Check your daily allowances to see if you have enough for this meal-plan.

Total Nutritional Analysis

1980kcal63g protein75g fat5.2g salt54mmol / 2113mg Potassium30mmol / 919mg Phosphate280g Carbohydrate110g sugar

Grilled Pork Meal Plan

This meal plan will suit those with advanced kidney disease or those who require a daily intake of 1586kcal and 57g protein. Please compare the full analysis and/or kidney diet allowances with your individual allowances. Your Kidney (Renal) Dietitian will help you to do this.

This 1 day meal plan provides 4 protein exchanges (allowances), 1 dairy exchange, 2 fruit portions, 2 vegetable portions and 2 potato portions. Check your daily allowances to see if you have enough for this meal-plan.

Total Nutritional Analysis

1586kcal57g protein65g fat3g salt49mmol / 1925mg Potassium762mg Phosphate200g Carbohydrate79g sugar

[quote author=”Dietitian Tip” source=”” ]Ask your Kidney (Renal) Dietitian about a Low Phosphate Milk Substitute.
Watching your Fluid?
Remember to count your milk and milk substitute as part of your daily fluid intake.
[/quote]

*60ml milk substitute has been included in the analysis for this meal plan.

Lamb Chops with Redcurrant and Mint Sauce Meal Plan

This meal plan will suit those with advanced kidney disease or those who require a daily intake of 1738kcals and 64 g of protein. Please compare the full analysis and/ or Kidney Diet Allowances with your individual allowances. Your Kidney (Renal) Dietitian will help you to do this.

 

This 1 day meal plan provides 4 protein exchanges (allowances), 1 dairy exchange, 2 fruit portions, 2 vegetable portions and 2 potato portions. Check your daily allowances to see if you have enough for this meal-plan.

Total Nutritional Analysis

1738kcal64g protein67g fat4.2g salt55mmol / 2141mg Potassium 877mg Phosphate231g Carbohydrate89g sugar

[quote author=”Dietitian Tip” source=”” ]Ask your Kidney (Renal) Dietitian about a Low Phosphate Milk Substitute .

Watching your Fluid?
Remember to count your milk and milk substitute as part of your daily fluid intake.
[/quote]
*milk substitute has not been included in the analysis for this meal plan. Ask your Kidney (Renal) Dietitian about a milk substitute

Roast Chicken Meal Plan

This meal plan will suit people with an ideal body weight around 62kg, who have advanced kidney disease and require Haemodialysis or those who require a daily intake of 1960kcal and 70g protein.

[highlight style="color"]Menu

[highlight style="color"]Allowances

Breakfast
  • 2 Weetabix mixed with milk substitute & 1 tablespoon (15ml) of cream.
  • Cup of black tea or add milk substitute
  • Mid Morning
  • 1 medium pear
  • Cup of black tea or add milk substitute

  • 1 fruit
    Main Meal
  • 6 oz / 150g (cooked weight) Roast Chicken (with skin removed)
  • Served with 200g / 2 medium low potassium potatoes (with reduced fat spread added)
  • 1 portion (100g) of boiled carrots
  • Cup of water (from your fluid allowance)
  • 2 scoop / 200g of Vanilla Ice-cream and 110g of stewed apple (stewed in sugar)
  • Cup of black tea or add milk substitute

  • 6 protein (chicken)
    1 vegetable,2 potato,


    1 fruit, 1 dairy
    Mid Afternoon
  • 2 Ginger Nut Biscuits
  • Evening Meal
  • 1 small bowl (100ml approx) of Kidney Friendly Homemade Soup served with 1 small crusty white roll & reduced fat spread.
  • Cup of black tea or add milk substitute

  • 1 vegetable
    Before Bed
  • 2 x Rich Tea Biscuits with reduced fat spread
  • This 1 day meal plan provides 6 protein exchanges (allowances), 1 dairy exchange, 2 fruit portions, 2 vegetable portions and 2 potato portions. Check your daily allowances to see if you have enough for this meal-plan. If you require a daily fluid restriction (allowance), please include the soup as part of this.

    Total Nutritional Analysis

    1956kcal69g protein80g fat4.2g salt2236mg/ 57mmol Potassium29mmol / 900mg Phosphate251g Carbohydrate110g sugar

    [quote author=”Dietitian Tip” source=”” ]Ask your Kidney (Renal) Dietitian about a Low Phosphate Milk Substitute (link to milk substitute definition).

    Watching your Fluid?
    Remember to count your milk and milk substitute as part of your daily fluid intake.
    [/quote]

    *200ml milk substitute has been included in the analysis for this meal plan. Ask your Kidney (Renal) Dietitian about a milk substitute.

    Lamb Stew Meal Plan

    This meal plan will suit those who have advanced kidney disease and require a daily intake of 2260kcal and 75g protein. Please compare the full analysis and or Kidney Diet Allowances with your individual allowances. Your Kidney (Renal) Dietitian will help you to do this.

    This 1 day meal plan provides 4 ½ protein exchanges (allowances), 1 ½ dairy exchanges, 1 ½ fruit portion, 2 vegetable portions and 2 potato portions. Check your daily allowances to see if you have enough for this meal plan.

    Total Nutritional Analysis

    2285kcal75g protein85g fat4.5g salt52mmol / 2040mg Potassium35mmol / 1078mg Phosphate288g Carbohydrate108g sugar

    [quote author=”Dietitian Tip” source=”” ]Dilute whole milk with water if more fluid is required to cool your tea or ask your Kidney (Renal) Dietitian about a Low Phosphate Milk Substitute (link to milk substitute definition).

    Watching your Fluid?
    Remember to count your milk as part of your daily fluid intake.
    [/quote]

    *200ml milk substitute has been included in the analysis for this meal plan. Ask your Kidney (Renal) Dietitian about a milk substitute.

    Lemon Sole Meal Plan

    This meal plan will suit those who have advanced kidney disease and require a daily intake of 2250kcal and 71g protein. Please compare the full analysis and or Kidney Diet Allowances with your individual allowances. Your Kidney (Renal) Dietitian will help you to do this.

    Some of the recipes in this meal plan are high in fat and therefore may not be suitable for you if you have been advised to reduce your fat intake.

    This 1 day meal plan provides 5 protein exchanges (allowances), 1 ½ dairy exchanges, 2 fruit portions, 2 vegetable portions and 2 potato portions. Check your daily allowances to see if you have enough for this meal plan.

    Total Nutritional Analysis

    2248kcal71g protein110g fat3.1g salt54mmol / 2108mg Potassium32mmol / 1005mg Phosphate291g Carbohydrate88g sugar

    [quote author=”Dietitian Tip” source=”” ]Dilute whole milk with water if more fluid is required to cool your tea or ask your Kidney (Renal) Dietitian about a Low Phosphate Milk Substitute (link to milk substitute definition).

    Watching your Fluid?
    Remember to count your milk as part of your daily fluid intake.
    [/quote]

    *200ml milk substitute has been included in the analysis for this meal plan. Ask your Kidney (Renal) Dietitian about a milk substitute.

    Cherry Tomato and Basil Omelette Meal Plan

    This meal plan will suit those who have advanced kidney disease and/or require a daily intake of 1451kcal and 59g protein. Please compare the full analysis and/or Kidney Diet Allowances with your individual allowances. Your Kidney (Renal) Dietitian will help you to do this.

    [highlight style="color"]Menu

    [highlight style="color"]Allowances

    Breakfast
  • 1 plain bagel served with 2 tablespoons of cream cheese
  • Cup of tea with 25mls of milk added to cool
  • Mid Morning
  • 1 medium pear

  • 1 fruit portion
    Main Meal
  • Homemade Chicken Burger served with salad*
  • A white bap
  • 1 teaspoon of Dijon mustard
  • 1 level tablespoon of mayonnaise
  • (* Salad = 3 leaves of lettuce, 2 slices of cucumber, 1 slice tomato and 1 red onion)

  • 3 protein exchanges (allowances)
    2 vegetable portions
    Mid Evening
  • 2 Plain Biscuits
  • Evening Meal
  • Cherry Tomato and Basil Omelette
  • Cup of tea with 25mls of milk added to cool

  • 2 protein exchanges (allowances)
    1 vegetable allowance
    Before Bed 1 slice of white toast buttered with reduced fat spread and jam

    This 1 day meal plan provides 5 protein exchanges (allowances), ¼ dairy exchange, 1 fruit portions and 3 vegetable portions. Check your daily allowances to see if you have enough for this meal-plan

    Total Nutritional Analysis

    1451kcal59g protein70g fat4.2g salt35mmol / 1374mg Potassium24mmol / 760mg Phosphate154g Carbohydrate46g sugar

    Homemade Chicken Burger Meal Plan

    This meal plan will suit those who have advanced kidney disease and require a daily intake of 1530kcal and 60g protein. Please compare the full analysis and/or Kidney Diet Allowances with your individual allowances. Your Kidney (Renal) Dietitian will help you to do this.

    [highlight style="color"]Menu

    [highlight style="color"]Allowances

    Breakfast
  • 1 plain bagel served with 2 tablespoons of cream cheese
  • Cup of black tea or add milk substitute
  • Mid Morning
  • 1 medium pear

  • 1 fruit portion
    Main Meal
  • Homemade Chicken Burger served with salad*
  • a white bap
  • 1 teaspoon of Dijon mustard
  • 1 level tablespoon of mayonnaise
  • (* Salad = 3 leaves of lettuce, 2 slices of cucumber, 1 slice tomato and 1 red onion)

  • 3 protein exchanges (allowances)
    2 vegetable portions
    Dessert
  • Tinned Peaches 100g in syrup

  • 1 fruit allowance
    Mid Evening
  • 2 Digestive Biscuits
  • Evening Meal
  • 1 medium boiled Egg served with 2 slices of white bread buttered
  • Cup of black tea or add milk substitute

  • 1 protein exchange (allowance)
    Before Bed
  • 1 slice of white toast buttered with reduced fat spread
  • This 1 day meal plan provides 4 protein exchanges (allowances), ¼ dairy exchange, 2 fruit portions and 2 vegetable portions. Check your daily allowances to see if you have enough for this meal-plan.

    Total Nutritional Analysis

    1557kcal57g protein63g fat5.2g salt34mmol / 1321mg Potassium692mg Phosphate202g Carbohydrate60g sugar

    Salt

    ‘A high salt intake holds onto water, increases blood pressure and increases thirst making it harder to follow your kidney diet and fluid restriction. The Kidney (Renal) Dietitians explain here why it is better to leave the salt in the sea!’

     

    Salt or sodium chloride is needed in very small amounts in the body for maintaining water balance, healthy blood pressure and healthy muscles and nerves. However, too much salt in your kidney diet may lead to increased thirst, high blood pressure and cause your body to hold onto too much fluid. This extra fluid puts extra pressure on your heart to pump blood around your body, thus the more fluid you retain the higher your blood pressure will be. Increased thirst can make it difficult to maintain your fluid restriction.

    Even without adding salt to your food, you can easily get more than you need by including processed foods that have a high salt content in your kidney diet.  It can take up to six weeks for your taste buds to adjust to having less salt, but soon you should find that you are enjoying the real flavour of your food.

    To reduce your salt intake:

    • Avoid using salt at the table and if needed use only a pinch of salt in cooking.
    • Choose fresh foods instead of processed and canned foods.
    • Use herbs and spices instead of salt in cooking and at the table.
    • Check food labels for the salt / sodium content to help make healthier choices.

    It is important not to use salt substitutes such as Lo Salt and So-Low, as they are very high in potassium.

     

    Avoid having the following foods as they contain large quantities of salt:

    • Bacon, sausages, black and white puddings processed meats (corned beef, salami, pate)
    • Frozen and take away meals, convenience foods, meals containing soy sauce.
    • Smoked fish and fish pastes
    • Tinned vegetables (unless marked ‘no added salt’)
    • Tinned and packet soups, casserole mixes (e.g. Bovril, Oxo, Marmite), stock cubes
    • Bottled canned and packet sauces and tomato juice
    • Crisps, salted biscuits (e.g. Tuc, Ritz) and other salted snacks e.g. nuts and popcorn
    • Keep to less than 100g (4oz) cheese a week. Refer to your individualised dairy allowance as provided by your Renal (kidney) Dietitian.
    • Avoid salt substitutes.

     

    Role of the Kidney

    ‘Measuring the size of a fist and located in your lower back, the kidneys are a hive of activity. Find out more about what kidneys do and what is kidney disease?’

    What do kidneys do and what is kidney disease?

    The kidneys are two bean shaped organs located in your lower back. Each kidney is about the size of a fist and weighs about 4-6oz. Inside the kidneys are tiny structural and functional units call nephrons which filter the blood.

    The kidneys have many functions, including:

    • Removal of wastes and excess fluids by cleaning and filtering the blood, and producing urine.
    • Production of hormones which help maintain healthy bones, control blood pressure and control the production of red blood cells which carry oxygen around the body.

    What is kidney failure?

    Kidney failure may be described as a loss in the kidney’s ability to filter (remove) waste products from your blood. Kidney failure can happen quickly, caused by for example a sudden loss of large amounts of blood, or an accident and this is called acute kidney injury. Acute Kidney Injury is usually short lived, but can occasionally lead to lasting kidney damage. It may also be abbreviated to AKI.

    More commonly, kidney function worsens over a number of years and this is called chronic kidney failure or chronic kidney disease (often abbreviated as CKD).The National Kidney Foundation state that up to two thirds of CKD is caused by uncontrolled diabetes or high blood pressure (hypertension). CKD is usually not reversible but if found early, progression can be delayed through medication, diet and lifestyle changes by maintaining current kidney function.

    What is the definition of chronic kidney disease (CKD)?

    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is defined as the presence of kidney damage, or a decreased level of kidney function, for a period of three months or more.

    Signs of kidney damage include:

    • Persistent small and large proteins in the urine (proteinuria and microalbuminuria)
    • Persistent blood in the urine (haematuria) – after exclusion of other causes, e.g. urological disease.
    • Structural abnormalities of the kidneys demonstrated on ultrasound scanning or other radiological tests e.g. polycystic kidney disease, reflux nephropathy
    • Biopsy proven chronic glomerulonephritis

    The Irish Nephrology Society currently recommends classifying Chronic Kidney Disease into five stages based on a measure estimated glomerular filtration rate  [itg-tooltip tooltip-content=”eGFR is estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate, usually based on serum Creatinine level, age, sex, and race.”](eFGR)[/itg-tooltip].

    Sometimes CKD can lead to end stage kidney disease, [itg-glossary glossary-id=”976″]ESKD[/itg-glossary] which requires dialysis or a transplant to keep you alive. However, as the Irish Nephrology Society (INS) state, ‘the vast majority of patients with mild to moderate CKD will not require dialysis and can be managed in primary care’. Early detection and treatment may help prevent ESKD and the need for dialysis or transplant treatment. The kidney diet is one of the cornerstones of the treatment of CKD and helps with the target of delaying progression. The kidney diet is also essential in maintaining quality of life and functional capacity in people with kidney disease. The type of kidney diet required is individualised to the stage of kidney disease (based on eGFR), other diseases present (co-morbidities), the person’s age, weight and social situation. Some examples of important kidney diet changes in the early stages of CKD are ‘A No Added Salt’, ‘Weight Reduction’ (if overweight) and ‘Moderate Protein Intake’. A Kidney (Renal) Dietitian can assess your diet needs and advise on a tailor made kidney (renal) diet.

    How do I know if I have CKD?

    Chronic kidney disease includes conditions that damage your kidneys and decrease their ability to keep you healthy by doing the jobs listed. If kidney disease gets worse, wastes can build to high levels in your blood and make you feel sick. You may develop complications like high blood pressure, anemia (low blood count), weak bones, poor nutritional health and nerve damage. is sometimes called a silent disease because there are often no warning signs. Some signs of CKD are:

    • Weight loss and poor appetite
    • Swollen ankles, feet or hands (due to water retention)
    • Shortness of breath
    • Blood or protein in your urine
    • An increased need to pass urine, particularly at night
    • Itchy skin
    • Muscle Cramps
    • High blood pressure (hypertension)
    • Nausea
    • Erectile Dysfunction in men.

     

    You often will not know if you have CKD as you may not experience any symptoms, however screening is based on simple urine and blood test that your doctor can easily perform. If you have high blood pressure or diabetes or you are obese, yearly screening should be considered with your doctor.

    Remember! Early detection of CKD may allow you to delay progression through diet and lifestyle changes and medication.

    Protein to build

    ‘Dietary protein in adequate amounts is required for normal body function, growth and repair but too much is not recommended in Chronic Kidney Disease. Here the Kidney (Renal) Dietitians explain about protein needs & the kidney diet’

     

    Dietary protein is important for normal function, growth and repair in all parts of the body, including the skin, muscles, blood and internal organs. Meat, fish, chicken, eggs and milk are foods rich in protein. Other foods, such as bread, pasta, rice and potatoes also contain protein in smaller amounts.

    How much protein do I need to eat in my Kidney (Renal) diet?

    The amount of protein you need depends on your stage of kidney disease, your size and whether or not you are on dialysis. Most people with kidney disease who are not on dialysis need to eat a moderate amount of protein. Your Kidney (Renal) Dietitian will give you a daily protein allowance and discuss with you how you can make small changes to your Kidney (Renal) diet to achieve this. Your Dietitian may guide you to estimate a serving or portion of protein as follows:

    1oz cooked meat = a small matchbox size

    3oz cooked meat = a deck of playing cards or average sized adult palm

    Dietary Protein and Dialysis

    When people start dialysis, they are usually advised to increase the protein they eat in their kidney diet. This is because a small amount of protein is lost with each dialysis session.

     

    What happens if I get too much or too little protein in my kidney diet?

     

    Eating too little protein can cause:

    * Muscle Weakness

    * Fluid Retention / Swelling at the ankles

    * Poor health

    * You to lose muscle instead of fat stores

     

    Eating too much protein can cause:

    * Nausea and Vomiting

    * High levels of urea

    * Loss of Appetite

    * Fatigue

     

    You may need more protein if you have an infection, or a wound to heal. If you cannot meet your protein needs with food alone, you may require a protein supplement. It is important to discuss this option with your Kidney (Renal) Dietitian before commencing any supplements.

     

    Blood tests and Protein

    Albumin is a type of protein found in the blood. It can be used to evaluate your nutritional status. A low albumin on your blood test can mean that you are not getting enough protein in your kidney diet. You should discuss this with your Kidney (Renal) Dietitian.

     

    Phosphate Binders and Dietary Protein

    If you have been prescribed a medicine called a phosphate binder, remember to take your binders as prescribed, as all foods that are high in protein are also high in phosphate.

    Potassium & Protecting your Heart

    ‘A high potassium level in your blood stream is serious and can cause an irregular heart beat leading to a crisis medical situation and in some cases a heart attack. Learn more about potassium here and how your kidney diet plays a key role in protecting your heart and maintaining your safety’

     

    What is Potassium

     

    Potassium is a mineral. It is found in many foods in different amounts. Some foods are known to be higher in potassium than others, for example: potatoes, fruit, vegetables, dairy foods (milk based foods) and protein foods (meat, poultry, fish and eggs).

    You will hear these foods referred to as High Potassium Foods.

    What is the function of Potassium?

    Potassium’s main function is in muscle contraction. It helps control the contraction of the heart.

    What should my levels be?

    It is important that you understand what a normal level is and also know your own potassium level. On average a normal potassium level in our blood is between 3.5-5 mmol/L. Anything above 5mmol/l indicates a high potassium level (please note laboratory reference ranges may differ from hospital to hospital. Ask you Kidney (Renal) Dietitian what reference ranges are used in your hospital).

    What causes a high Potassium level?

    When you eat a food high in potassium, the level of potassium in your blood will increase. One of the functions of the kidney is to clear this excess potassium from your blood and keep your levels safe.

    If your kidney is not functioning properly the level of potassium could remain dangerously high.

    Consequences of high potassium?

    High levels of potassium can be dangerous.

    Some of the signs and consequences of high potassium include: muscle weakness, weak legs and a tingling sensation. If left untreated, the consequences of a high potassium level can result in a heart attack.

    How can I help control my potassium level?

    Your Kidney (Renal) Dietitian will look at your blood results and tell you if you need to follow a Low Potassium Kidney Diet in order to help maintain safe potassium levels.

    By looking after what foods you eat and their amounts you will be able to control your Potassium levels. Your Kidney (Renal) Dietitian will provide an individualised diet plan built around your daily potassium allowances.

     

    Low Potassium Diet

    Potatoes, fruit, vegetables, and dairy products are all foods that contain a lot of potassium. Your Kidney (Renal) Dietitian will advise you on how many portions of each you can eat daily. All vegetables and potatoes should be boiled to allow some of the potassium in these foods to leach out into the surrounding water. Some Kidney (Renal) patients who find controlling their potassium levels difficult will be required to ‘double boil’ their potatoes i.e. change the water during the boiling process. Cooking methods like steaming or roasting of vegetables and potatoes should be avoided.

    Your Kidney (Renal) Dietitian  will advise you regarding your individualised dairy allowance.

    Where necessary, the Kidney (Renal) Dietitian will also advise you on other high potassium foods that you should avoid and your individualised daily protein allowances to help to keep your blood potassium levels safe.

    Phosphate Swap Shop

     

    AVOID

     

    TRY INSTEAD

    Meat

    Liver, kidney, pate, sausages, salami, meat pastes

     

    Fresh Beef, Lamb, pork, chicken, turkey

    Fish

    Crab, sardines, kippers, whitebait, fish roe, monk fish, sea bass, prawns, bones of tinned fish

     

    Fresh Cod, Whiting, plaice, lemon sole, tuna, salmon

    Bread, rolls and scones

    Naan bread, soda bread, scones

     

    Ciabatta, garlic bread, pitta, white sliced bread, brown sliced bread, baguettes, croissants, granary rolls, soft & crusty white rolls.

    Rice and Pasta

    Brown Rice and brown pasta

     

    White Pasta, plain noodles, basmati rice, white rice

    Breakfast Cereals

    All Bran, Branflakes, muesli, cereals containing nuts or chocolate, Ready Brek, wheat germ.

     

    Cornflakes, Rice Krispies, Riccles, Special K, Porridge, Weetabix, Ready Brek, [itg-tooltip tooltip-content=”not suitable on a weight reducing or a reduced sugar diet”]Frosties[/itg-tooltip]

    Sweets / snack food

    Chocolate and foods containing chocolate such as cakes, bars or sweets, fudge, toffees, cereal bars, nuts

     

    [itg-tooltip tooltip-content=”not suitable on a weight reducing or a reduced sugar diet”]In moderation[/itg-tooltip]

    Boiled Sweets, marshmallows, jellies, mints, Turkish delight (no chocolate)

    Beverages

    Horlicks, Ovaltine, Drinking Chocolate, Complan, Build Up, Cola Drinks

     

     

    Tea, lemonade, tonic water, lucozade, ginger ale.

    You can use most dilutible drinks – check the label and avoid those with a fruit juice content of more than 12%

    Biscuits, cakes, pastry, buns

    Oat based biscuits, oatcakes, flapjacks, rye crispbreads, and biscuits containing nuts or chocolate, scones, cake mixes, waffles, cakes containing nuts or chocolate, instant dessert mixes.

    [itg-tooltip tooltip-content=”not suitable on a weight reducing or a reduced sugar diet”]In moderation[/itg-tooltip]

    Gingernuts, custard creams, jammy dodgers, Jam rings, Shortcake, Shortbread, Madeira cake, pastry, doughnuts, jam tarts, crumbles, tarts, lemon meringue pie

    More suitable in moderation on a reduced sugar diet

    Rich Tea,  Marietta, Lincoln, Digestives, water biscuits, cream crackers

    Please note: that a considerable number of the above suggestions are a source of added phosphates and should be considered as “treat foods”.

    Phosphate Dietary Load

    ‘A high phosphate level in your blood (hyperphosphataemia) can over time, shorten your life, weaken your bones, harden your blood vessels, cause painful soft tissue sores and lead to itchy skin. Here, the Kidney (Renal) Dietitians explain this critical component of the Kidney (Renal) Diet’

     


    Phosphate is a mineral found in foods that is necessary for strong bones. Our kidneys filter it out of our blood if we eat too many high phosphate containing foods. When your kidneys are not working as well as they should be, they are unable to remove excess phosphate from your blood. This leads to an increase in the level of phosphate in your blood (hyperphosphataemia).

    High levels of phosphate in the blood may weaken your bones and lead to hard deposits in certain parts of the body, including your eyes, joints, skin, heart and blood vessels. Over time this can lead to restricted blood flow and heart disease. Itchy skin may be a sign that your phosphate levels are too high. However you may not realise that your phosphate level is high as you may not feel any different.

    To help control phosphate levels in your body, it is important to eat a low phosphate kidney diet. To do this you will need to; limit the amount of dairy products you eat, keep to your daily limit of high protein foods and avoid other foods that contain a large amount of phosphate.

     

    Reducing your intake of Phosphate

    Your Kidney (Renal) Dietitian will give you specific advice on how much dairy and high protein foods you should have and also advice on particular foods to avoid.

    As phosphate is widely used in the food industry you will also need to look out for hidden sources of phosphate in processed foods. To help stick to your low phosphate kidney diet, check the food label for ingredients that contain the word phosphate such as diphosphates, sodium polyphosphate and phosphoric acid.

    Don’t eat foods containing these ingredients.

     

    Using phosphate binders

    If a low phosphate kidney diet alone does not bring your phosphate to a normal level then you may need to take a tablet called a phosphate binder with your meals and snacks. Your Kidney (Renal) Dietitian will let you know if you need phosphate binders. There are a number of different binders available.

    The amount and type of phosphate binder prescribed for you may change over time depending on your phosphate levels. Phosphate binders must be taken at the correct time as advised by your Doctor or Kidney (Renal) Dietitian  to work effectively.

    It is important that you monitor your own phosphate levels and take control of your dietary phosphate load.

    Phosphate Additives

    ‘Advice from the Kidney (Renal) Dietitians on the importance of avoiding food containing phosphate additives’

     

    Phosphate additives are added to foods for many reasons. They can be used to extend shelf life, improve colour, enhance flavour, or retain moisture.
    The phosphates in food additives are especially dangerous if you have kidney disease since our bodies absorb them much more efficiently than the phosphates that occur naturally in foods like dairy foods, lentils and whole-grains.
    Unfortunately there is no complete list of all foods containing phosphate additives because there are too many of them. Some examples of processed foods which may contain these additives are listed below.

    Processed meats, processed fish and cheese, dried foods, dessert and cake mixes, cola drinks, alcoholic beverages, salt substitutes, instant pasta, sauces and bakery products.

    Many products marketed as “low sodium” contain high amounts of phosphate additives. Cold meats with phosphate additives may contain up to 70% more phosphates than brands containing no additives.

    How to avoid phosphate additives in your Kidney Diet

     

    Reading labels is the key. Try to read the food labels of processed foods that you use regularly. Food additives are considered ingredients and must be listed in the ingredients list by specific name or designated E number.

    The most common ones are listed below:

    E338    Phosphoric acid

    E339    Sodium phosphates

    E340    Potassium phosphates

    E341    Calcium phosphates

    E343    Magnesium phosphates

    E450    Diphosphates

    E540    Dicalcium diphosphate

    E541    Sodium aluminium phosphate

    E542    Bone phosphate

    E544    Calcium polyphosphates

    E545    Ammonium polyphosphates

    Foods containing these ingredients are best avoided on the Kidney (Renal) Diet.

    Compare products and choose those without phosphate additives.

    Look for foods labelled “free from artificial colours, flavours and preservatives”.

    If you need help or advice ask your Kidney (Renal) Dietitian.

    Stages of Kidney Disease

    Background concept wordcloud illustration of dialysis

    The Irish Nephrology Society currently recommends classifying Chronic Kidney Disease into five stages based on a measure estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). eGFR is a test that is used to assess how well your kidneys are working. It is based on age, sex, and blood creatinine level.

     

    CKD Stage eGFR
    1 >90ml/min/1.73m2
    2 60-89ml/min/1.73m2
    3 30-59ml/min/1.73m2
    4 15-29ml/min/1.73m2
    5 <15ml/min/1.73m2

     

    Stages of Kidney Disease

    Discuss your stage of Chronic Kidney Disease with your Doctor or Kidney (Renal) Dietitian

    Managing Fluid Intake

    ‘Managing fluid intake is often a balancing act when you have kidney disease. Here, the Kidney (Renal) Dietitians give tips to help you with this tricky part of the Kidney (Renal) Diet’

     


    When your kidneys are not working properly, you may not be able to get rid of enough fluid from your body. A build up of fluid can lead to problems such as high blood pressure, swelling of the ankles & shortness of breath. How much fluid you should have each day depends amongst other things on how much kidney function you have left, if you are on dialysis or not, and how much urine you pass.

    If you require any changes to your fluid intake (a fluid allowance) as part of your kidney diet, Your Kidney (Renal) Dietitian will have this information and will develop an individualised fluid and kidney diet plan for you.

    Tips to help you manage your fluid intake and your kidney diet

     

    Reduce thirst by reducing salt

    • Avoid adding salt to foods. Salt holds onto fluid in the body and increases thirst. Click here for more info.
    • Use Fresh foods in preference to processed foods to reduce salt intake. About 65 – 70% of the salt we eat comes from processed foods, fast food, canteen and restaurant food (Irish Heart Foundation 2012). Salt increases thirst.

     

    Reduce Volume of fluid

    • Use a small cup/glass and divide out your fluid intake over the day. Keeping a written record of your intake is helpful to keep track of your kidney diet fluid allowance.

     

    Typical household measures to help you add up your fluid intake each day:

    • A mug = 300mls
    • A Standard Water Glass = 200mls
    • A Small cup = 150mls
    • A Tablespoon = 15mls
    • A small ice cube = 15ml
    • Foods with high water content include: soup, ice cream, jelly, custard, rice pudding, sauces, and gravy. Cut down or even avoid some of these foods if fluid retention (gain) is a problem.

     

    Avoid a Dry Mouth – Keep It Fresh!

    • Keep your mouth feeling fresh by chewing gum, brushing your teeth or rinsing with mouth wash regularly. Discuss your dry mouth with your Kidney (renal) Dietitian as artificial saliva sprays and gels may be suitable for you.
    • Sucking on an ice cube can help relieve thirst whilst using the smallest amount of fluid.  Try freezing some diluted squash in your ice cube tray to add some flavour. If you have Diabetes, use a ‘No Added Sugar’ variety.

    Energy to Fuel Life

    ‘Advice from the Kidney (Renal) Dietitians on the importance of adequate energy in your kidney diet.’

     

    Sufficient energy intake is important as part of your kidney diet, to help maintain your weight and muscle stores and ensure you have enough energy to perform the basic activities of daily living such as washing and dressing.

    Our bodies get energy from the foods we eat and drink. Foods containing carbohydrates, protein and fat are used by our bodies to provide energy.

    The amount of energy (calories) we need depends on our age, size, gender, physical activity level and nutritional status (e.g. overweight or underweight). Starchy foods e.g. potatoes, rice, pasta, bread and breakfast cereals are good sources of energy and provide valuable energy (calories) in the kidney diet.

    A starchy food should be included at each meal to ensure an adequate energy (calorie) intake. Speak to your Kidney (Renal) Dietitian to receive an individualised kidney diet meal-plan.

     

    The Challenges

    When you or your family member have kidney disease meeting energy (calorie) needs may be challenging.

    Many people with kidney disease experience a reduced appetite and taste changes, which are associated with elevated urea levels (waste product level). These symptoms commonly result in a poor dietary intake and unnecessary weight loss if not addressed.

    Your Kidney (Renal) Dietitian will be able to provide you with individualised advice to manage your appetite and weight.

    Conversely if you are overweight or obese a recommendation for weight reduction may be made, to aid the management of your kidney disease or to facilitate your eligibility for a transplant.

    If you are trying to reduce your weight a reduction in your energy intake may be required to facilitate this, your Kidney (Renal) Dietitian will provide you with a tailored weight reduction plan.

    Adapting Recipes

    ‘Learn to adapt your favourite home cooked foods making them suitable for your kidney diet.’

     

    happy couple Irish Kidney Diet

     

    The good news is that, many standard cookbooks or celebrity chef recipes can be used safely through a little adaptation and some imagination to make them lower in potassium, sodium and phosphate.

    To help you to identify any adaptation required, we recommend that you read each new recipe (or old favourites) with your kidney (renal) diet allowances clear in your head and your diet sheet of foods best avoided close to hand. Your Kidney (Renal) Dietitian can help you to adapt recipes or review those that you have self adapted.

    Here are some suggestions to make your favourite recipes more kidney friendly

     

    Tips to help you to become a kidney friendly baker:

    • Use reduced amounts of salt or omit it all together from the recipe. Use herbs and spices (e.g. nutmeg, cinnamon) instead of salt to add flavour.
    • Use yeast, bread soda / bicarbonate of soda as a raising agent instead of baking powder. Breads and cakes will then be lower in phosphate than those using baking powder. Bread soda / bicarbonate of soda require an acidic fluid like lemon juice or buttermilk to act as a raising agent. Be sure to include these in your daily allowances.
    • Choose lower potassium fruits when baking tarts, muffins and fruit pies such as apple, pear, pineapple, cranberries and blueberries or drained tinned fruit (remember to include the fruit as part of your daily kidney diet fruit allowance).
    • Choosing the unsalted varieties of butter for baking will make a recipe more kidney friendly by reducing the salt (sodium) content.
    • Double cream plus water is a good alternative to single cream or milk. Making this simple change will lower the phosphate content of the recipe and help you with your daily dairy allowances (reduced phosphate kidney diet).
    • Unfortified rice milk is lower in potassium and phosphate than cow’s milk and may be used to make puddings.
    • Use egg whites as they are lower in phosphate than egg yolks and are useful for desserts e.g. meringues.

    Making main meal dishes kidney friendly:

    • Reduce potato intake to reduce dietary potassium intake. Use rice, pasta, noodles, couscous or breads instead of potatoes with main meals. This will lower the overall potassium content of the dish.
    • Avoid prepared tomato sauces. Try a small amount of fresh tomato instead, or if making a pasta dish, use olive oil and garlic instead of a tomato based sauce to dress / flavour the pasta. This will lower the potassium content and make your pasta dish more Kidney friendly.
    • To lower potassium content, vegetables can be par boiled before being added to recipes (e.g. carrots, broccoli or cauliflower in a curry). If you are following a strict low potassium kidney diet, fully boil your vegetables (link low potassium vegetable cooking instructions page) and add to the composite meal (e.g. kidney friendly stew, curry) for the last 10 – 15 minutes of cooking.
    • For dishes that contain high potassium vegetables e.g. Mushrooms, substitute them for lower potassium vegetables e.g. Green (French) beans
    • For stir-fry dishes avoid using higher potassium vegetables such as pak choi, bamboo shoots or mushrooms. Substitute them with Green (French) beans, Bean-sprouts or Cabbage. If you require a strict low potassium kidney diet, remember that stir fry vegetables retain a high percentage of potassium during cooking. Link with your Kidney (Renal) Dietitian and discuss your kidney diet allowances.
    • To reduce salt (sodium) intake in your kidney diet, avoid using regular soy sauce, limit reduced salt (sodium) soy sauce to small amounts and limit the amount of other high salt (sodium) sauces such as fish, oyster, teriyaki or sweet and sour sauces. Try using vinegar, ginger or a little sesame oil as alternative flavourings to make a meal more kidney friendly.
    • Double cream plus water is a good alternative to single cream or milk in savoury dishes. Making this simple change will lower the phosphate content of the recipe and help the recipe to fit into the daily allowances of a reduced phosphate kidney diet.
    • If dishes contain cheese, use this sparingly or choosing a lower
      phosphate cheese e.g. Brie, camembert, parmesan, feta, cottage or cream cheese.
    • Make a fish dish more Kidney friendly by substituting shellfish or smoked fish in the recipe for white fish such as cod, whiting or plaice. This will reduce the salt (sodium)and phosphate content of the dish.
    • To reduce salt (sodium) content use low salt stock cubes as recommended by your Kidney (Renal) Dietitian as a base for stock. Do not add any extra salt.

    Lamb Koftas Meal Plan

    This meal plan will suit those with advanced kidney disease. It provides 1705kcal and 66grams of protein. Please compare the full analysis and or Kidney Diet Allowances with your individual allowances. Your Kidney (Renal) Dietitian will help you to do this.

    Some of the recipes in this meal plan are high in fat and therefore may not be suitable for you if you have been advised to reduce your fat intake.

     

    This 1 day meal plan provides 4 protein exchanges (allowances), 1 dairy exchange, 2 fruit portions, 2 vegetable portions and 2 potato portions. Check your daily allowances to see if you have enough for this meal-plan.

    Total Nutritional Analysis

    1705 kcal66g protein93.99g fat3.57g salt50mmol / 1960mg potassium30mmol / 1024mg phosphate280g carbohydrate57g sugar

    [quote author=”Dietitian Tip” source=”” ]Ask your Kidney (Renal) Dietitian about a Low Phosphate Milk Substitute (link to milk substitute definition). Watching your Fluid?

    Remember to count your milk and milk substitute as part of your daily fluid intake.[/quote]
    *milk substitute has not been included in the analysis for this meal plan. Ask your Kidney (Renal) Dietitian about a milk substitute

    Cod Fillet with Lemon Sauce Meal Plan

    This meal plan will suit those who have advanced kidney disease or those who require a daily intake of 1717kcal and 57g protein. Please compare the full analysis and/or Kidney Diet Allowances with your individual allowances. Your Kidney (Renal) Dietitian will help you to do this.

    This 1 day meal plan provides 4 protein exchanges (allowances), 1 dairy exchange, 2 fruit portions, 2 vegetable portions and 2 potato portions. Check your daily allowances to see if you have enough for this meal-plan.

     

    Total Nutritional Analysis

    1717 kcal57g protein69g fat4.5g salt51mmol / 2004mg potassium25mmol / 782mg phosphate250g carbohydrate92g sugar

    [quote author=”Dietitian Tip” source=”” ]Dilute whole milk with water if more fluid is required to cool your tea or ask your Kidney (Renal) Dietitian about a Low Phosphate Milk SubstituteLow Phosphate Milk Substitute. Watching your Fluid?

    Remember to count your milk and milk substitute as part of your daily fluid intake. [/quote]
    *200ml milk substitute has been included in the analysis for this meal plan. Ask your Kidney (Renal) Dietitian about a milk substitute.

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